Oral mucosa and lung cancer: Are genetic changes in the oral epithelium associated with lung cancer?
Aim: To compare genetic aberrations in the oral epithelium of lung cancer patients with those without cancer.
Subjects and Methods: Buccal smears were performed to collect oral epithelium from each of the participants (smoker cancer patients n = 50, smoker control subjects n = 40, and nonsmoker control subjects n = 25). Cytogenetic changes in the samples were detected by micronuclei assay, whereas p53 and murine double minute 2 (MDM2) polymorphisms were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction‑restriction fragment length polymorphism.
Results: p53 codon 72 polymorphism was seen in 44% of cancer patients versus 12.5% in smokers and 12% in nonsmokers of the control group. Similarly, MDM2 single nucleotide polymorphism 309 polymorphism was seen in 34% of patients with lung cancer as opposed to 12.5% of smokers (P = 0.038) and 8% of nonsmokers (P = 0.019) of the control group.
Conclusion: A higher proportion of individuals with lung cancer demonstrate genetic damage to oral mucosa compared to those without cancer.
Keywords: Lung cancer, murine double minute 2, oral epithelium, p53, polymorphism