Preoperative Platelettolymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Factor in Geriatric Patients with Proximal Femoral Fractures
Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the platelet to lymphocyte ratio is a prognostic factor in geriatric patients who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fractures. Materials and Methods: Clinical and laboratory data of 288 patients who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fracture were analysed. The patients were divided into six groups on the basis of sex (male and female) and survival duration after the operation (death within the first 6 months, death between the 6 and 12 months, survival for more than 12 months). Pre-operative platelet/lymphocyte ratios of these groups were compared. Results: Of 288 patients, 187 were female and 101 were male. There was no significant difference between the groups with regard to age (p = 0.123 female groups) (p = 0.207 male groups). Although the preoperative platelet to lymphocyte ratio was higher in patients who died within 12 months than in those who survived beyond that, this platelet/lymphocyte ratio was statistically significant in females who died in the first 6 months (p = 0.038). Conclusion: A high preoperative platelet to lymphocyte ratio may be associated with high risk of mortality in patients who were operated for proximal femoral fracture.
Keywords: Platelet/lymphocyte ratio, proximal femoral fracture, mortality, risk factors