Knowledge, Utilization, and Accessibility of Child Welfare Card among Caregivers in a Tertiary Center in South West Nigeria

  • M.A. Alao
  • Y.T. Olasinde
  • E. Agelebe
  • A.O. Asinobi
  • A. Gbadero
Keywords: Accessibility, child health record, child welfare card, immunization, knowledge, utilization

Abstract

Background: The Child Welfare Card (CWC) contains the records of a child's immunization and information on the other aspects of the child's health, including growth curves and home treatment of diarrheal disease to mention a few. How easily retrievable these records are and what influence the cards have on parents/caregivers regarding the child's nurture are uncertain in our environment. Aim: The present study was aimed at assessing the parents/caregivers' knowledge and utilization of CWCs as well as the health-providers' accessibility of the card in the hospital. Method: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive one that involved the parents/caregivers of children aged 60 months and below, attending the children's clinics and wards in a tertiary center. We collected the relevant information, including the sociodemographic data of the parents/caregivers, their knowledge, and assessed the utilization of CWC. The analysis of the categorical data was performed with the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (S.P.S.S) version 23.0 for windows. P values < 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Of the 377 parents/caregivers enrolled in the study, good knowledge of the contents of the CWC was demonstrated by 82 (21.8%) while 78 (20.7%) made the cards available to the health care providers. Eighty (21.2%) made adequate use of the cards at home. A greater number of parents/caregivers from the higher social class had good knowledge of the intervention contents of the CWC (P = 0.005). The accessibility of the cards to the health care-providers was significantly higher among the older parents/caregivers (P = 0.010), those with a good knowledge of CWC (P = 0.020) and parents/caregivers from higher social class (P = 0.001). Subjects with good knowledge were 2.4 times (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.4-4.2) more likely to utilize the intervention contents in the CWC. Conclusion: The overall knowledge, utilization, and accessibility of the CWC were poor. Parents/caregivers with good knowledge were more likely to utilize the information on the CWC compared with participants with poor knowledge.
Published
2021-10-07
Section
Articles

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