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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Review of childhood measles admissions at the National Hospital, Abuja

PA Ahmed, IB Babaniyi, AT Otuneye

Abstract


The global disease burden from measles as a vaccine preventable disease remains high despite decades of interventions by various organs and agencies. To determine the prevalence and outcome of childhood cases of measles admitted into the children's emergency ward of the National hospital and highlight the possible contributing factors.Retrospective.
Atotal number of 43 children with measles presenting at the National HospitalAbuja, seen over a 40 months period; January 2002 andApril 2005. Cases-folders of patients seen at the Emergency Paediatric Unit (EPU) of the National Hospital Abuja during the period under review with the clinical diagnosis of measles were reviewed. The children were aged between seven to 12months, with 25 (58.1%) age 24months and below.
Twenty three (53.5%) of the subjects had received prior measles vaccination. History of contact with cases of acute measles was present in 26 (60.5%). Associated protein energy malnutrition (PEM) was found in 30
(69.8%) with 28 (65.1%) parents of these children being of lower social economic classes (III, IV &V). Recorded complications included gastroenteritis, bronchopneumonia, laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis as part of
croup syndrome, tuberculosis, and otitis media. Three fatalities (7.0%) were record in this review, all in association with bronchopneumonia.
Measles with its complications still present as a fatal illness even among vaccinated children.



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