Use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets for children under five years in an urban area of Lagos State, Nigeria

  • IP Okafor
  • KA Odeyemi
Keywords: Children, Insecticide-treated net, malaria, Nigeria, under-five, urban

Abstract

Background: Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) have proven to be one of the most effective means of reducing malaria morbidity and mortality in children and pregnant women. This study is carried out to determine the practice and determinants of ITN use for children under five years among care givers in an urban area of Lagos State.
Materials and Methods: A community-based, cross sectional study was carried out in Lagos State in April 2007 among three hundred and forty (340) care givers primarily responsible for child care at home. They were selected by a multistage sampling method using a pre-tested, interviewer-administered, structured questionnaire.
Results: ITN use rate for under-fives was high (61.8%) and this was significantly determined by care giver’s marital status (P < 0.001) and the number of children under five years in the household (P = 0.006). Educational level of care giver and occupation of head of the household were not significant determinants.
Conclusion: There is need for health campaigns on ITNs targeted at unmarried care givers of young children. In addition, we also recommend social marketing of modern family planning methods to reduce family size, thereby increasing chances of ITN use among children less than five years to reduce malaria burden.
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