Nigerian Journal of Health and Biomedical Sciences

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Root surface caries occurrence, oral hygiene status and habits in a selected suburban population, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

CI Udoye, OA Olusile, AO Oginni


Objectives: The study evaluated root surface caries (RS C) occurrence in relation to oral hygiene status and habits in a suburban Nigerian Population.

Methods: Seven hundred and twenty consecutive subjects, aged 20 years and above of both genders, attending the General Outpatient Department (GOPD) of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife, Nigeria, were recruited. RSC was scored with Banting's diagnostic convention and Oral Hygiene Status (OHS) with Oral Hygiene Index – Simplified (OHI-S).

Results: RSC prevalence figure was 11.6%. While the association between RSC and OHS was significant (P < 0.05) that between RSC and Oral Hygiene Habit (OHH) was not proven (p > 0.05). RSC occurrence increased with advancing age. Frequency of tooth cleaning was not significantly associated with RSC occurrence, and being male or female had no significant effect on RSC occurrence.

Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, though RSC does not seem to be a serious public health problem in the studied population, Oral Health Education campaign should be adopted for preventive and early care.

Keywords: caries, oral hygiene, habits, suburban population

Nigerian Journal of Health and Biomedical Sciences Vol. 5(1) 2006: 68-71

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