TMJ ankylosis: Management with reconstruction and interpositional arthroplasty
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a very desolating structural condition that involves fusion of the 1 mandibular condyle to the base of the skull. It causes difficulty in mastication and breathing.Trauma and Infections are usually responsible.If trauma occurs in young age,it leads to disturbance in growth & facial asymmetry.
Treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis usually requires adequate excision of the involved ankylotic 2 block (arthroplasty)or interpositional arthroplasty using autogenous or alloplastic materials. Early mobilization, 3 physiotherapy & strict follow up are essential to prevent postop adhesions.
In our cases fascia lata was used as an interpositional grafting material. One case was treated bygap arthroplasty, second case by costochondral graft & third case was managed with titanium condylar prosthesis.
Keywords: Temporomandibular joint ankylosis, costochondral graft, titanium condylar prosthesis, gap arthroplasty