Nigerian Journal of Medicine

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Anaemia and its associated factors among pregnant women in Koko, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Moses Adamgbe, Ahmed D. Balami, Hamza Bello


Background: Anaemia in pregnancy remains a common problem affecting women in northern Nigeria. It is associated with several adverse consequences.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anaemia and its associated factors among pregnant women in Koko/Besse local government area of Kebbi state,Northwest Nigeria.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among women using a standardized questionnaire for data collection. Haematocrit level was determined using the centrifuge technique. Data was analysed descriptively in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).

Results: The prevalence of anaemia among our respondents was 23.5%.There were higher prevalence rates among those married in monogamous families, who did not attend antenatal care, unemployed, and those who were non-compliant with their prescribed antenatal care haematinics.

Conclusion: The prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy even though high, was relatively lower than findings from other studies in the sub-region.A well developed and implemented public health intervention is likely to further reduce this prevalence.

Keywords: Anaemia, pregnancy, prevalence, associated factors, Koko, Kebbi

AJOL African Journals Online