Predictors of Knowledge and Perception of Family Planning Among Men in Urban Areas in Northwest Nigeria
Introduction: The use of family planning (FP) methods has remained low in Nigeria despite the high fertility rate and unmet need; partly because men are excluded in FP programs. Most studies on FP were carried out among married women and information about men was acquired from their wives. Unfortunately, such information may not be accurate.
Aims: The study aimed to determine the predictors of FP knowledge and perception among men in urban areas in the Northwestern part of Nigeria.
Subjects and Methods: The study was cross‑sectional in design, carried out in urban areas in Northwest Nigeria among 167 married men in November 2017 enrolled through a multi‑stage sampling technique. Data collection was done with a structured questionnaire which was interviewer‑administered. SPSS version 23 was used to analyze the data.
Results: The majority (75, 45.5%) had poor knowledge of FP and 118 (71.5%) had a positive perception of FP. Social class (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 15.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.14–116.03) and perception (aOR: 0.13, 95% CI = 0.03–0.59) were the predictors of good FP knowledge while knowledge (aOR = 0.10, CI: 0.02–0.51) predicted positive perception on FP.
Conclusion: Knowledge of FP was poor; the perception of the majority was positive. There is a need by the Sokoto State Government, Local Government Areas, and religious leaders to increase information on FP, especially on the benefits and methods, and the need for males to participate in FP through the enlightenment of the public using the media, schools, and worship places.
Keywords: Family planning, knowledge, men, northwest, perception, urban areas