Malignant Renal Tumours in Adults in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
AbstractBACKGROUND: Malignant renal tumour is the third commonest urological tumour after prostate and bladder cancer. It is however the urological tumour with the highest mortality/ incidence ratio.
OBJECTIVE: To review the frequency, mode of presentation and histological pattern of patients with malignant renal tumours in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital.
METHOD: A 7 year retrospective review of all our renal tumour folders in the institution.
RESULTS:19 patients qualified for the study with a male/female ratio of 1:2.8 and a mean age of 52.6 + 15.8 years. The peak age was in the seventh decade. Most patient present late (78.9%).Renal cell cancer was the commonest tumour type with the commonest mode of presentation being abdominal mass and pain.
CONCLUSION: Malignant renal tumours present very late in our environment and patients hesitate in accepting available treatment option which is surgery. There is need for increased patient awareness and high index of suspicion by the clinician, particularly during imaging procedures, as this would significantly enhance the early detection of these patients.