PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDIES OF THE STEM OF CARRISA EDULIS

  • H Ibrahim Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • EM Abudurahman Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • M Shock Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • N Ilyas Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • S Monday Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • W Chordima Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Keywords: Carissa edulis, Pharmacognostic characters, Apocynaceae

Abstract

C. edulis is used in traditional medicine in the treatment of toothache, chest complaints cough, stomach ulcer, lumbago, inflamed glands worms and as aphrodisiac. Macroscopical, microsopical and chemo-microscopical examinations have been carried out on the stem (powdered bark and anatomical sections). Also evaluative parameters, ash value, acid insoluble ash, moisture content and extractive values were determined. This could serve in the identification and preparation of a monograph on the plant.

Key Words: Carissa edulis, Pharmacognostic characters, Apocynaceae

Nig. J. Nat Prod. And Med. Vol.3 1999: 31-38
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eISSN: 1118-6267