Fatty Acid And Essential Oil Compositions Of The Seed Oil Of Five Annona Species

  • Alassane Wélé Department of Organic and Therapeutic chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
  • Idrissa Ndoye Department of Organic and Therapeutic chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
  • Mamadou Badiane Department of Organic and Therapeutic chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Keywords: Annonaceae, seeds, seed oil, fatty acids, essential oil, GC-MS

Abstract

The fatty acid and essential oil compositions of the seed oil of Annona cherimola, A. muricata, A. reticulata, A. senegalensis and A. squamosa were investigated by GC and GC/MS spectra. About eleven fatty acids were identified of which oleic, gondoic, palmitic and stearic acids predominated in each sample, and others found in low amounts, were of more selective distribution. Fifty three volatile compounds were identified with β-caryophyllene as major compound in A. muricata, A. reticulata and A. squamosa, while terpinen-4-ol was found as major component in A. cherimola and A. senegalensis.
Key words: Annonaceae, seeds, seed oil, fatty acids, essential oil, GC-MS
Nig. J. Nat. Prod. and Med. Vol.8 2004: 62-65
Published
2005-06-23
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1118-6267