Sub-Chronic Hepato-Toxicity Evaluation of the Aqueous- Ethanol Extract of the Leaf of Spondias Mombin in Rats
AbstractSpondias mombin leaf used traditionally in Nigeria in the management of some chronic ailments was analysed to detect and quantify its phytochemical, anti-nutrient and heavy metal contents. Following a sub-chronic oral administration of the 80 % aqueous-ethanol leaf extract at 250 and 1000 mg/kg dose levels, for 3 weeks, to Wistar albino rats, its effect on some hepatic and haematological indices was determined. This was done by in vivo assay of the levels of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), serum alanine transaminase (ALT), serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and serum haemoglobin (Hb) level. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of phytates, oxalates, tannins, saponins, triterpines, glycosides and resins. Among the heavy metals, iron and aluminium were dominant, while cadmium, mercury and lead were detected at micro quantities. The levels of anti-nutrient phytate, oxalate, tannins, resins and cyanide were found to be 7.85, 2.57, 2.51, 0.40, and 0.04, percent respectively. The extract induced an inconsistent but significant increase in haemoglobin (Hb) value. There was significant decrease in serum levels of AST, ALT and ALP of rats treated with 250 and 1000 mg/kg oral doses of the extract (p < 0.05). At the upper dose, however, ALP values were slightly higher than those of the control normal animals. The findings indicated that extract of Spondias mombin at the oral dose of 1000 mg/kg is not toxic in albino rats.
Keywords: Spondias mombin, haematological parameter, hepatic function indices, medicinal plants
Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 8 No 1 pp. 183 - 187 (September 2010)
Copyright @ 2010(ISSN 0189-8434)
All rights of reproduction are reserved in respect of all papers, articles, illustrations etc, published in this journal in all countries of the world.