Amelioration of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity and haemotoxicity by aqueous leaf extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius in rats

  • AB Saba
  • AA Oyagbemi
  • OI Azeez

Abstract

This study was conducted to explore possible protective effect of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (CA) leaf extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity and haemotoxicity in experimental animal models. Thirty six rats of six per group were used in this study. Group I received 10ml/kg normal saline as control. Group II-VI rats were administered with 1.25ml/kg body weight (bwt) of carbon tetrachloride intraperitonealy. Animals in groups III, IV, V and VI were however pre-treated with aqueous extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius at 100, 250, 500 and 750mg/kg body weight (bwt) respectively. Administration of CCL4 in untreated rats led to microcytic hypochromic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, increased erythrocyte fragility and stress induced leucocytosis accompanied with significant (P<0.05) increase in neutrophils and decrease (P<0.01) in lymphocyte counts. CCl4 also led to significant (P<0.05) increase in serum transaminases (ALT and AST) and phosphatase (ALP) respectively compared with control animals. Also, CCL4 produced significant (P<0.05) increase in serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine compared with normal rats. Pre-treatment with Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extract brought about significant restoration of the haematological parameters to values that were comparable to those of the control with concomitant decrease (P<0.05) in the activities of the marker of hepatic damage enzymes (ALT, AST and ALP), in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, serum levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine were also brought to near normal by the CA in a dose-dependent manner. From this study, we conclude that pre-exposure to Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extract considerably reduced the effect of CCl4 on the blood parameters and ameliorated hepatic damage by the haloalkane

Keywords: Hepatotoxicity, Haemotoxicity, Carbon tetrachloride, Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, Rats

Nig. J. Physiol. Sci. 25(December 2010) 139 – 147

Author Biographies

AB Saba
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
AA Oyagbemi
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
OI Azeez
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Published
2013-01-18
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 0794-859X