Parental adjustment to cleft lip and palate anomaly: a preliminary study

  • AA Olusanya
  • I Oketade
  • TO Aladelusi


Background: Cleft lip/palate is the commonest congenital craniofacial anomaly and the birth of a child with this anomaly can be devastating to the parents. This study aimed to describe the early adjustment of parents to children with cleft lip/palate anomaly. Materials and methods: Inquiry into taking the baby out, taking photographs, parental attitude to surgery, decision on having more children, parental relationship and feeding difficulty was made among parents/caregivers of infants with cleft lip/palate anomaly who were less than 6 months of age in the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Frequencies and percentages of variables were reported. Chi square test was used to test associations at 5% level of significance. Results: Parents of 34 infants participated in the study. There were 19 females and 15 males. The mean (+S.D.) age of the infant was 2.19 (1.88) months. There was a statistical significance between ‘type of cleft’ and ‘taking of photographs’ (p=0.011) as well as ‘taking the baby out’ (p=0.012) but there was no statistical significance between the type of cleft and parental adjustment as well as feeding difficulties. Conclusion: Most parents of children with cleft lip/palate anomaly avoided taking pictures of their children and did not readily take them out. However, the type of cleft lip/palate did not seem to affect how the parents adjusted to their children and the difficulty they experienced in feeding them.

Keywords: cleft lip and palate, parental adjustment

Nigerian Journal of Plastic Surgery Vol. 9, No 2, September 2013

Author Biographies

AA Olusanya
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
I Oketade
House Officer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
TO Aladelusi
Senior Registrar, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0794-9316