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Effect of calcination temperatures of kaolin on compressive and flexural strengths of metakaolin-concrete

Y.O. Abiodun
J.I. Orisaleye
S.O. Adeosun


The incorporation of pozzolanic materials in concrete construction is progressively increasing. This is due to technological advancement and climate change problems associated with carbon emissions resulting from the large-scale manufacturing of cement and its usage for concrete production. In this study, metakaolin obtained was used to partially substitute cement in metakaolin-concrete. Calcination temperatures of kaolin were varied from 500°C to 800°C at an interval of 100°C for 60 minutes. The metakaolin obtained was used to partially replace cement at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 % by weight using a mix ratio of 1:2:4 and 0.4 water-cement ratio. Compressive strength test was carried out at curing ages of 7, 28 and 90 days, while the flexural strength test was performed at curing ages of 28 and 90 days. For both compressive and flexural strengths, 15 % by weight replacement with metakaolin gave the best strength values at all temperatures. An Increase in temperature led to a significant increase in the strength of metakaolin-concrete. ANOVA showed all factors significantly affected the flexural strength (P < 0.1), whilst the calcination temperature was significant (P < 0.1) to the compressive strength. This study showed that metakaolin is a supplementary cementitious material (SCM) and is a potential alternative to cement and can be used in the construction industry. Also, the calcination temperature of kaolin has a significant effect on the properties of the resulting metakaolin-concrete produced from it.

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eISSN: 2437-2110
print ISSN: 0189-9546