PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register



DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Evaluation of Association between Digital Dermatoglyphic Traits and Type-2 Diabetes in Lagos, Nigeria

IA Taiwo, OO Adebanjo

Abstract


Background: Diabetes is a very serious problem in the world today. In particular, the incidence of type-2 diabetes is rising in developing countries because of life style changes to that of westernized societies. Type-2 diabetes is usually a late onset disease. Thus, early identification of risk group individuals through a non-invasive method like dermatoglyphics will be very helpful.
Objective: To see whether finger print pattern (dermatoglyphics) is associated with type-2 diabetes.
Methods: Dermatoglyphic data were obtained from nondiabetic and type-2 diabetic subjects attending the Diabetic Clinic of Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) using a computer-assisted data capture system. The data were then analysed for association between the dermatoglyphic pattern and the subjects' health status with respect to type-2 diabetes.
Results: Total finger ridge count (TFRC) was significantly higher (P<0.05) in diabetic subjects than in non-diabetics. Results of cluster analysis suggested that dermatoglyphic pattern is associated with type-2 diabetes.
Conclusion: In view of the association between finger print pattern and type-2 diabetes, dermatoglyphics may be used for early identification of risk group individuals for surveillance purposes with a view to preventing disease onset.

Key words: dermatoglyphics; type-2 diabetes; finger print




AJOL African Journals Online