Rotavirus infection among Sudanese children younger than 5 years of age: A cross sectional hospital-based study

  • MA Magzoub
  • NE Bilal
  • JA Bilal
  • OF Osman

Abstract

Introduction: In Sudan, rotavirus has been one of the important causative agents of diarrhea among children. Rotavirus A is well known as the leading cause of diarrhea in young children worldwide. It was estimated to  account for 41% of hospitalized cases of acute gastroenteritis among children in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine the  prevalence and the common clinical presentations of rotavirus A infection among Sudanese children with gastroenteritis seeking management in hospitals.

Methods: 755 Sudanese children less than 5 years of age suffering from acute gastroenteritis in hospital settings were included. The positive stool specimens for rotavirus A was used for extract Ribonucleic acid (RNA) and the RNA product was loaded on formaldehyde agarose gel and visualized under UV illumination.

Results: Of the 755 children, 430(57%) were males while 325(43%) were female. The age of children ranged from 1 to 60  months. There were 631 (84%) children who were less than 24 months of age. Out of the 755 stool samples, 121(16%) were positive for rotavirus. Of the 121 infected children with rotavirus, 79(65.3%) were male and  42(34.7%) were female and the highest infection rate was seen among 91(75.2%) of children up to 12 months of age. Children of illiterate parents were more infected with rotavirus than children of educated  parents. Severe dehydration present among 70% of infected children with rotavirus.

Conclusion: Since this study is hospital-bas Conclusion:ed, the 16%  prevalence rate may not reflect the true prevalence among Sudanese children, thus a community-based surveillance is needed.

Published
2014-05-13
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1937-8688