Pan African Medical Journal

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Metastatic giant basal cell carcinoma: a case report

Bellahammou Khadija, Lakhdissi Asmaa, Akkar Othman, Rais Fadoua, Benhmidou Nawal, Elghissassi Ibrahim, M’rabti Hind, Errihani Hassan


Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer, characterised by a slow growing behavior, metastasis are extremely rare, and it occurs in less than 0, 1% of all cases.Giant basal cell carcinoma is a rare form of basal cell carcinoma, more aggressive and defined as a tumor measuring more than 5 cm at its largest diameter. Only 1% of all basal cell carcinoma develops to a giant basal cell carcinoma,resulting ofpatient's negligence. Giant basal cell carcinoma is associated with higher potential of metastasis and even death, compared to ordinary basal cell carcinoma.We report a case of giant basal cell carcinoma metastaticin lung occurringin a 79 years old male patient, with a fatal evolution after one course of systemic chemotherapy.Giant basal cell carcinoma is a very rare entity, early detection of these tumors could prevent metastasis occurrence and improve the prognosis of this malignancy.

The Pan African Medical Journal 2016;24
AJOL African Journals Online