Introduction: seizure is the commonest pediatric neurological disorder, which is frightening to caretakers. The current study aims to determine profile, clinical spectrum and analyze the commonest etiology of seizures in children admitted to a tertiary hospital in Central China. Methods: this was a hospital based retrospective study carried out in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, China. Computerized data was collected from January 2012 to May 2015. Variables collected were demographics, clinical presentations and laboratory tests; brain imaging studies, electroencephalography, diagnosis, prognosis, outcome and duration of hospitalization. Results: a total of 200 patients were admitted with seizures. There were 109 (54.5%) males and 91 (45.5%) females. Among these patients, 193 (96.5%) were aged 1 month to 5 years and 182 (91.0%) presented with seizures and fever. Generalized tonic-clonic seizure was the most common seizure type in 196 (98.0%) children. Febrile seizure was the leading etiology of seizure in 175 (87.5%) children followed by epilepsy in 11 (5.5%) children. There were only 3 (2%) children with central nervous system infections. Abnormal brain images were noted in 10 (20%) out of 50 patients. Among 193 children tested for different infections, 49 (25.4%) had positive results. Viral infections were commonest infections by 49.0%, atypical bacterial 34.7% and 16.3% coinfections. Conclusion: seizure was the commonest neurological condition of children admitted in our hospital, febrile seizures being the commonest etiology. The prognosis and outcomes were good but there were prolonged days of hospitalization. Children with unprovoked seizures require brain-imaging studies for better understanding of seizure etiology.
The Pan African Medical Journal 2016;24