Pan African Medical Journal

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Pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade caused by a central venous catheter in a very low birth weight infant

Fatma-Zohra Chioukh, Karim Ben Ameur, Karim Ben Ameur, Karim Ben Ameur, Hayet Ben Hmida, Hayet Ben Hmida, Hayet Ben Hmida, Kamel Monastiri, Kamel Monastiri, Kamel Monastiri


With more and more extreme premature and very low-birth weight babies being resuscitated, umbilical central venous catheterisation is now being used more frequently in neonatal intensive care. One of the life-threatening complications is pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade; however, it is potentially reversible when it is caught in time. The authors present a case of cardiac tamponade following umbilical venous catheterisation in a neonate. The patient was diagnosed at the appropriate time by echocardiography and urgent pericardiocentesis proved lifesaving.

The Pan African Medical Journal 2016;25
AJOL African Journals Online