Postpartum family planning utilization in Burundi and Rwanda: a comparative analysis of population based cross-sectional data

  • Gideon Rutaremwa
  • Allen Kabagenyi
Keywords: Postpartum, family planning, contraception, utilization, Burundi, Rwanda, women


Introduction: Promotion of modern family planning is a major policy action for Africa to harness the demographic dividend. Family planning is an important public health intervention for maternal and child health.

Methods: Analysis was based on data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2010 on samples of women from Burundi (3396) and Rwanda (4670). Descriptive and multivariate logistic regression analyses to examine the contribution and comparison of the various predictors of uptake of modern contraceptives during the postpartum period (PPFP) in the two countries were carried out using STATA statistical software.

Results: Descriptive findings show only 20% of the samples of women in Burundi used while more than half of the women (51%) were using PPFP. Utilization of PPFP was significantly associated with primary (OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 1.1-1.6) and higher education (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.6-3.1) in Burundi. Similarly in Rwanda increased use of PPFP in primary was (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.2-1.6) while secondary education (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.2-2.1). Protestant women were less likely to use PPFP in both Burundi (OR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.6-0.9) and Rwanda (OR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.6-0.8). Other significant variables in the regression models of both countries included wealth status, age of woman, number of living children and exposure to media. Professional birth delivery assistance was significant only in Rwanda.

Conclusion: Enhancing postpartum contraceptive use should target women with low education, low wealth status, and that the media has an important role to play in this transformation. Policies and programs must be put in place to ensure that the rural urban differences are eradicated.

Keywords: Postpartum, family planning, contraception, utilization, Burundi, Rwanda, women

Author Biographies

Gideon Rutaremwa
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Allen Kabagenyi
Department of Population Studies, School of Statistics and Planning, College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1937-8688