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Pan African Medical Journal

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Accident vasculaire cérébral ischémique révélant un syndrome de Fahr

Nawfal Doghmi, Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Amine Belghiti, Abdelouahed Baite, Charki Haimeur

Abstract


Fahr’s syndrome is defined as the presence of bilateral intracerebral, symmetrical, nonarteriosclerotic calcifications involving the basal ganglia. Their detection during stroke is exceptional. Phosphocalcium metabolism should be investigated with human parathyroid hormone (HPH) dosage. Diagnosis is based on the evaluation of clinical and laboratory data as well as on radiological imaging. Long-term antiepileptic treatment can cause basal ganglia calcification resulting in Fahr’s syndrome. Prognosis is favorable. The correction of phosphocalcium metabolism usually leads to significant improvement.

Keywords: Fahr’s syndrome, epilepsy, ischemic stroke, phosphocalcium metabolism



http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.259.10787
AJOL African Journals Online