Adherence to combined Antiretroviral therapy (cART) among people living with HIV/AIDS in a Tertiary Hospital in Ilorin, Nigeria

  • Chukwuma Anyaike National AIDS/STIs Control Programme, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria; National AIDS/STIs Control Programme, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Oladele Ademola Atoyebi University of British Columbia, 2329 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • Omotoso Ibrahim Musa Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Oladimeji Akeem Bolarinwa Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Kabir Adekunle Durowade Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, PMB 201, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria; Department of Community Medicine, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Adeniyi Ogundiran World Health Organization Country Office, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Oluwole Adeyemi Babatunde University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, 20208, USA
Keywords: Adherence; antiretroviral; Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: this study aims to assess the treatment adherence rate among People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) receiving treatment in a Nigerian tertiary Hospital.

Methods: this was a cross-sectional study that assessed self-reported treatment adherence among adults aged 18 years and above who were accessing drugs for the treatment of HIV. Systematic random sampling method was used to select 550 participants and data were collected by structured interviewer administered questionnaire.

Results: the mean age of respondents was 39.9±10 years. Adherence rate for HIV patients was 92.6%. Factors affecting adherence include lack of money for transportation to the hospital (75%), traveling (68.8%), forgetting (66.7%), avoiding side effects (66.7%), and avoiding being seen (63.6%).

Conclusion: the adherence rate was less than optimal despite advancements in treatment programmes. Adherence monitoring plans such as home visit and care should be sustained.

Published
2019-01-07
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1937-8688