Port Harcourt Medical Journal

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Basal and squamous cell carcinomata on the same patients: report of two cases in Aibinos

ME Asuquo, O Ngim, AB Nya, J Omotoso, EE Bassey


Background: Skin cancer is the most common cancer among the lightly pigmented individuals in Europe, North America and Australia. It occurs infrequently in darkly pigmented individuals because they have more melanin. Melanin and albinism are a known risk factors for skin cancers in Africans. Those already treated for skin cancer run a risk of developing another skin cancer.
Method: Two case reports of albinos who developed basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomata (SCC) later are presented. The two female albinos aged 61 and 21years had BCC and SCC involving the left arm and the dorsum of the left hand in case1 and involving the face and the medial side of the right elbow in case 2. Both patients had numerous actinic keratoses that indicated chronic exposure to sunlight.
Results: The outcome was good for the BCC\'s as the wounds healed post excision. There was no evidence of recurrence when the patients represented with SCC at 12 and 18 months respectively.
Conclusion: Albinos run a risk of developing both BCC and SCC with chronic exposure to sunlight. Health education strategies on the need for early institution of preventive measures and follow up are emphasised as they run a risk of developing another cancer.

Keywords: Albinos, Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, Same individuals

Port Harcourt Medical Journal Vol. 3 (1) 2008: pp. 111-115
AJOL African Journals Online