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Substance and Identity-Dependence

Michael Gorman

Abstract


The notion of substance has become rather important in recent metaphysical discussions, but there is no consensus on how it is to be understood. In this paper I discuss the idea that substance can be defined in terms of identity-dependence. Giving special attention to the work of E. J. Lowe, who is the main advocate of this position, I clarify how the identity-dependence approach ought to be understood and defend it against an objection having to do with dependence on God. I then bring forward difficulties having to do with mereological essentialism and necessity of origins. These difficulties are much more powerful, but it is possible to revise the identity-dependence approach in a way that avoids them



http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/05568640609485174
AJOL African Journals Online