Late maastrichtian- early eocene dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy and aleoenvironmental study of sediments in Akukwa-1 well in the Anambra Basin

  • G.C. Soronnadi-Ononiwu
  • Y. Yikarebogha
  • N. Ukpabi
Keywords: Dinoflagellate cyst, Palaeoenvironment, Lthological units, Dinocyst Zonations,


Dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy and palaeoenvironment of deposition of sediments penetrated by Akukwa-1 Well was carried out with a total of 253ditch cuttings using the conventional maceration technique for recovering of acid insoluble organic-walled microfossils from sediments. Sedimentological description delineated five (5) lithological units within the well, which included those of Nkporo Shale, Mamu Formation, Ajali Sandstone, Nsukka Formation and Imo Shale. A total of 14 genera and 35 species of dinoflagellate cyst were identified. The recovered dinocysts were used to establish palaeoenvironment which ranged from marginal to shallow marine, the forms were also used to propose four (4) informal dinoflagellate cyst zonations labelled (A-D) based on the first and last occurrences of two or more species. They included Zone A (Apectodinium paniculatum zone), occurring at 7990ft(Maastrichtian), zone B(Paleocystodinium australinium zone) occurring between 7990ft -4000ft (Upper Maastrichtian), zone C(Apectodinium homomorphum zone) occurring between 4000ft -2550ft (Upper Maastrichtian), and zone D(Homotryblum palladium zone) occurring between 5550ft-1520ft(Paleocene- Early Eocene). The erected dinocyst zones were correlated with the existing biozones in tropical areas of Africa and northern South America.


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eISSN: 1118-1931
print ISSN: 1118-1931