pH measured 24 hours post mortem should not be regarded as ultimate pH in pork meat quality evaluation
AbstractThe aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic values of two methods in pork meat quality evaluation, that is, Method I: pH1 and pH24 and Method II: electrical conductivity (EC2) and pH24, which included pH24, and their modifications, that is, Method III: pH1 and pH48 and Method IV: EC2 and pH48, which included pH48 measurement. Five meat quality classes, namely reddish-pink, firm and non-exudative (RFN), high quality (HQ), pale, soft and exudative (PSE), dark, firm and dry (DFD) and acid meat (AM) were assessed in four even-numbered genetic groups of 40 fatteners each, namely (L×Y)×D-A, (L×Y)×D-B, (L×Y)×H and (L×Y)×(D×P). The change of diagnostic method and therefore pH time measurement from 24 hours to 48 hours post mortem caused a major increase in the percentage of acid meat (AM) that was diagnosed. Most differences were observed in (L×Y)×H fatteners, namely 77.5% between Methods I and III and 75% between Methods II and IV. This increase in AM frequency indicates that as a result of significant changes in the post-mortem metabolism that occur in the meat ageing process pH48 should be regarded as ultimate pH (pHu).
Keywords: Acid meat, fatteners, post-mortem muscle metabolism