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Two South African patients with <i>PGAP3</i>-related Mabry syndrome with unusually low alkaline phosphatase levels

S Moosa,


Hyperphosphatasia with mental retardation syndrome (HPMRS), also known as Mabry syndrome, is an autosomal recessive disease that is associated with inherited glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) deficiencies. This genetically heterogeneous disorder can be caused by variants in seven genes that encode molecules of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis pathway, namely PIGL, PIGO, PIGV, PIGW, PIGY, PGAP2 and PGAP3. Recently, a pathogenic variant in PGAP3 was identified in 3 unrelated South African patients with HMPRS. Here, two further patients with the exact variant in PGAP3 are described. Classically, HMPRS is associated with elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels. Interestingly, these two patients had unusually low ALP levels at initial presentation. This is an important observation, as the ALP level is often used as a screening test to decide whether to proceed to confirmatory genetic testing. These patients illustrate that in PGAP3-related Mabry syndrome, ALP levels can be low, albeit a rare finding. Hence, a high suspicion for the disorder should be maintained in patients with typical facial dysmorphic features and severe neurodevelopmental delay, even in the absence of elevated ALP.

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eISSN: 1999-7671
print ISSN: 1994-3032