Quality management systems in radiology

  • GK Korir
  • JS Wambani
  • IK Korir
  • M Tries
  • B Mulama


Background. The use of X-ray imaging is ever increasing in proportion to the need for radiological services and the latest technology. Quality management of patient radiation dose monitoring is fundamental to safety and quality improvement of radiological services.
Objective. To assess the level of quality management systems in medical X-ray facilities in Kenya.
Methods. Quality management inspection, quality control performance tests and patient radiation exposure were assessed in 54 representative
X-ray medical facilities. Additionally, a survey of X-ray examination frequency was conducted in 140 hospitals across the country.
Results. The overall findings placed the country’s X-ray imaging quality management systems at 61±3% out of a possible 100%. The most and the least quality assurance performance indicators were general radiography X-ray equipment quality control tests at 88±4%, and the interventional cardiology adult examinations below diagnostic reference level at 25±1%, respectively.
Conclusions. The study used a systematic evidence-based approach for assessing national quality management systems in radiological practice in
clinical application, technical conduct of the procedure, image quality  criteria, and patient characteristics as part of the quality management programme.