Developing a measure of user-perceived universal design for sport facilities

  • Taehee Kim
  • Kyungro Chang
Keywords: Universal design, Sport facilities, User perspective, Korea.


Various universal design evaluation tools are in existence, however, very few, and insubstantial guidelines are available  specifically for sport facilities. Moreover, most tools developed in previous studies focus on the standard for facility design excluding user perspectives. This study developed and validated a measuring tool to assess user perceptions of universal design in sport facilities. Literature review and expert  consultations were conducted to generate items. A questionnaire comprising these items was completed by 197 users. Using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, a 27-item measure based on the six principles (equitability, usability, convenience, aesthetics, safety and pleasantness) of universal design from user perspectives was formulated.

Keywords: Universal design; Sport facilities; User perspective; Korea.


Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 0379-9069