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South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation

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Die onderlinge verwantskap tussen die fisieke aktiwiteits-, koronêre risiko- en uitbrandingsindeks by die Suid-Afrikaanse uitvoerende amptenaar

Rupert Bezuidenhout, Gert L. Strydom, I. Dreyer Lukas, J. Hans Van der Merwe

Abstract


The associations between physical activity, coronary risk-index and burnout, with specific focus on the role of physical activity on the coronary risk-burnout relationship, were studied. Altogether 833 white South African male executives were evaluated by a self-report physical activity index, coronary risk index and burnout index questionnaire. The high- (≥1000kcal.week-1) and moderate active (151-999kcal.week-1) executives reported statistically significant less (p≤0.05) burnout in comparison with their low active (≤150kcal.week-1) colleagues. Moderate and high physical activity levels were statistically related (p≤0.05) to a reduction in the coronary risk-index. Similarly, burnout had a strong statistically significant influence (p≤0.05) on the development of coronary heart disease. Finally, physical activity portrayed a statistically significant (p≤0.05) reduction in the coronary risk-index within low, moderate and high burnout executives, but failed to influence the burnout-coronary risk relationship between the different burnout groups. It is concluded that although physical activity does not influence the burnout-coronary risk relationship between different burnout groups significantly, it does seem to have a beneficial effect on the reduction of the coronary risk-index within different burnout groups.


(S. African J. for Research in Sport, Physical Ed. and Recreation: 2003 25 (1): 1-12)



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