Sacrococcygeal germ-cell tumours - the Red Cross War Memorial Children's hospital experience, 1980 - 1996

  • J D Daubenton
  • PS Hartley
  • H Rode
  • CC Sinclair-Smith

Abstract

Objective. To document the experience of Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital in the treatment of sacrococcygeal germ-eell tumours.
Patients. Twenty-seven patients with sacrococcygeal germ-cell tumours were treated in our hospital from 1980 to 1996.
Design. A retrospective review of these patients' records was undertaken.
Results. There were 19 female and 8 male patients. Seventeen (63%) presented in the neonatal period, 13 on the first day of life. Complete surgical resection of the tumour was achieved in all patients with mature or immature teratomas (20 patients) and in 2 neonates with malignant tumours. The first of these 2 neonates, with a malignant teratoma, was not given chemotherapy and remains well 10 years later. The second, with a yolk-sac tumour, also received no initial chemotherapy. He relapsed at the age of 9 months and was successfully treated with repeat excision and chemotherapy. All 5 patients first diagnosed after the age of 1 year had malignant tumours. These patients had incomplete surgical resection (3) or biopsy only (2), and 3 were successfully treated with chemotherapy. One patient relapsed with yolksac tumour after initial complete resection cif a mature teratoma. She was successfully treated with repeat surgery and chemotherapy.

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eISSN: 0256-95749
print ISSN: 2078-5135