Basic clinical characteristics and hospital outcomes of acute coronary syndrome patients - Sudan
Background: There are Variation in the presentation of the acute coronary syndrome between countries. The present study aimed to investigate the basic clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes among acute coronary syndrome patients in the Sudan.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study conducted among 202 consecutive acute coronary syndrome patients at a reference coronary care unit in Omdurman Teaching Hospital between July 2014 and August 2015. Participants signed a written informed consent, and then a case report form was filled. Information collected include vascular risk factors, vital signs, echocardiographic findings, and in Hospital complications. The local ethical committee approved the research, and the chi-square test was used to compare ST-segment Elevation (STSEACS) and None ST-Segment Elevation Acute coronary syndrome (NSTSEACS).
Results: (out of 202 women (53.75%) in (NSEACS) P = 0.009). Prior myocardial infarction, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and, smoking were evident in 19.8%. 53.%, 30.2%, and 16.6% of acute coronary syndrome respectively, 97% of patients presented with chest pain, 54% presented to the hospital after 24 hours. Hypotension, heart failure, low ejection fraction, and in-hospital complications were more in (STSEACS) than (NSTSEACS), while (NSTEACS) patients received less Thrombolysis and Percutaneous coronary angioplasty P-value < 0.05.
Conclusions: Acute coronary syndrome patients were younger and had more complications than others in the West. ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients are more likely to develop in-hospital complications and to receive reperfusion therapy. The limitation of the study is the lack of follow-up information after discharge.
Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, primary, hospital outcomes