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Anxiety and Depression Among Sudanese Nurses During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Study


Hammad A. Fadlalmola
Mohammed A. Abdelmalik
Huda Kh. Masaad
Abdalbasit A. Mariod
Abdalla MA. Osman
Eyas G. Osman
Kalthoum I. Yousif
Aisha M. Adam
Sahar A. Ebrahim
Amal M. Elhusein

Abstract

Background: While treating patients during a pandemic, nurses are at risk of mental health issues caused by the stress they face. This study aimed to  examine the degree of anxiety and depression among Sudanese nurses throughout the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and demographic features and their association with depression and anxiety.


Methods: An online-based cross-sectional study was conducted on Sudanese nurses. Data were collected from eligible nurses using a three-part  questionnaire: demographic questions, the generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7), and the major depression index (MDI). We used the Chi-square test  and Spearman or point biserial correlation to assess the association between demographics, anxiety, and depression.


Results: Two hundred and forty-six nurses from Sudan participated in this study. Around 69.5% of participants experienced mild to severe anxiety, while  26.4% revealed mild to severe depression. We found a significant association between depression and anxiety (P < 0.001). However, we did not find a  significant association between depression or anxiety categories and the baseline characteristics of participants.


Conclusion: Our study demonstrates high rates of anxiety and depression among Sudanese nurses throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. As we found no  association between anxiety and depression with personal characteristics, psychological support should be given to all nurses’ categories as all of them  nearly have the same risk for anxiety and depression.