Article Neurotransmitters – A biochemical view

  • MHF Shalayel
  • SA Idris
  • M Al-Noaemi
  • SAM Ahmed


The neurotransmission at most if not all synapses is chemical and is of great biochemical, physiological and pharmacological importance. Neurons communicate with each other at synapses by a process called synaptic transmission in which the release of small quantities of chemical
messengers, called neurotransmitters that alter the electrical activity of neurons after they interact with receptors on post-synaptic cell surfaces. This review gives a biochemical view on the nature of neurotransmitters and presents the biochemical chart and the medical relevance of the most
important neurotransmitters.

Keywords: Neurotransmitter, Synaptic vesicles, Acetylcholine (ACh), g-Aminobutyrate (GABA), Myasthenia Gravis (MG), Parkinson's disease, Opioid peptides.


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eISSN: 1858-5051