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Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences

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Article Neurotransmitters – A biochemical view

MHF Shalayel, SA Idris, M Al-Noaemi, SAM Ahmed

Abstract


The neurotransmission at most if not all synapses is chemical and is of great biochemical, physiological and pharmacological importance. Neurons communicate with each other at synapses by a process called synaptic transmission in which the release of small quantities of chemical
messengers, called neurotransmitters that alter the electrical activity of neurons after they interact with receptors on post-synaptic cell surfaces. This review gives a biochemical view on the nature of neurotransmitters and presents the biochemical chart and the medical relevance of the most
important neurotransmitters.

Keywords: Neurotransmitter, Synaptic vesicles, Acetylcholine (ACh), g-Aminobutyrate (GABA), Myasthenia Gravis (MG), Parkinson's disease, Opioid peptides.




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sjms.v4i2.44913
AJOL African Journals Online