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Evidence for an in vitro Anticoagulant Activity of Red Onion (<i>Allium cepa</i> L.)

MM Abdalmutalab
HM Izzalddeen
MA Abdalkareem
MB Alhassan


Background: Haemostasis is the process that retains the blood within the vascular system during periods of injury, localizes the reactions involved to the site of injury, repairs and re-establishes blood flow through the injured vessel. Onion (Allium cepa) is a largely universal staple herb popular throughout history as both food and medicine and it has been consumed for prevention of cardiovascular disorders.
Objectives: To study the possible anticoagulant effects of red onion in vitro, by using blood samples of normal individuals.
Methods: In vitro anticoagulant effects of an aqueous extract (5%) of red onion in different volumes (25, 50 and 75 ìL) were examined on the blood samples of normal individuals by measuring prothrombin time (PT).
Results: The aqueous extract of red onion was found to inhibit coagulation process in vitro and significantly prolonged prothrombin time in a dose-dependent manner.
Conclusion: This study showed that red onion aqueous extract in different concentrations inhibits clot formation and increases prothrombin time. Red onion can be used as a supplementary anticoagulant agent to improve and/or prevent cardiovascular diseases.

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eISSN: 1858-5051