Diabetic Ketoacidosis in adults: Part 1. Pathogenesis and diagnosis

  • Ali Azkoul
  • Sing Sim
  • Victor Lawrence
Keywords: Diabetic ketoacidosis, pathogenesis, diagnosis, emergency, prevention.


The metabolic derangements that lead to Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) are described. Understanding the pathogenesis is the key to rapid and accurate diagnosis and hence successful management. DKA may often be prevented by clear advice to patients about how to manage their type 1 or ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes during periods of intercurrent illness. DKA must be considered in the differential diagnosis of metabolic acidosis even where other diseases that may present similarly, such as malaria, are highly prevalent.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2309-4613
print ISSN: 2309-4605