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Risk factors for stroke in the African populace: need for action

Paul Bolaji


The burden of stroke cannot be overemphasized especially in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). More than two-thirds of stroke  deaths arise from these countries as well as nearly 90% of stroke-related morbidities. Unfortunately, it has been suggested that there  might be up to a three-fold increase in stroke incidence and a higher prevalence in Africa in the year 2021. The known risk factors for  stroke are similar to those in developed countries: age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolaemia, and central obesity.  These risk factors have often been overlooked in patients who present with stroke in Africa. Other important risk factors for stroke  include high salt intake and red meat consumption, low consumption of green leafy vegetables, air pollution, undernutrition in infancy  and genetic factors. Possibly the most efficient way of curbing the impact of stroke in Africa is to address the risk factors. The aim of this  article is to shine some light on these risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa and proffer some solutions to address the menace of stroke  

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2309-4613
print ISSN: 2309-4605