diets containing gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium) and neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves supplement

  • M. I. Okoruwa
  • A.E. Edobor
  • F.O. Ogbeide
  • I. Ikhimioya
Keywords: Gliricidia sepium, neem leaves, nutrient retentions, growth, ewe-lambs.

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of Gliricidia sepium with neem leaves supplementation on nutrient retentions for body weight gain in ewe-lambs. Twelve West African dwarf ewe-lambs with an average weight of 7.00 ± 0.32kg were randomly allotted to three dietary tratments with four ewe-lambs per treatment in a completely randomized design. The compared treatment diets were; diet I (I (50% guinea grass + 20% Gliricidia sepium + 30% concentrate), II (45% guinea grass + 25% G1iricidia sepium + 30% concentrate) and III (40% guinea grass + 30% Gliricidia sepium + 30% concentrate). Diets II and III received 3 and 6 grams of neem leaves meal per animal per day respectively as additional supplement. A metabolism trial was conducted at the end of the feeding trial to assess the diets on energy and nitrogen retentions after the growth study of the ewe-lambs. Results obtained showed that gross energy (3981.14MJ/kg DM/day), faecal energy and nitrogen output (1101.78 MJ/kg DM/day and 4.33g/day), daily feed intake (273.43g/day) and feed conversion ratio (7.32) were significantly (P < 0.05) highest in ewelambs fed diet I. Ewe-lambs on diet III were significantly (P < 0.05) highest in terms of digestible and metabolizable energy intakes (1306.37 and 1071.20 MJ/kg DM/day), nitrogen intake (20.93g/day), nitrogen balance and retention (17.33g/day and 81.47%), final body weight (11.08kg), total and daily weight gains (4.10kg and 48.81g) than those on diets I and II. No significant (P > 0.05) effect was recorded among the treatment diets with regards to urinary energy output, metabolizability, urinary nitrogen output and initial body weight. It was concluded that ewe-lambs fed 40% guinea grass + 30% Gliricidia sepium + 30% concentrate with 6g neem leaves had better nutrient retentions for body weight gain in ewe-lambs.

Keywords: Gliricidia sepium, neem leaves, nutrient retentions, growth, ewe-lambs.

Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1119-4308