Gender and environmental entitlements for sustainable livelihoods in Tanzania: the cases of Moshi Municipality and Tanga City

  • Albinus Makalle
  • Neema M. Ngware


This paper is about a study conducted as a contribution to emerging critiques on the role of gender1 and environmental entitlements by focusing on the implications of intra-community dynamics and ecological heterogeneity. The study was built on a conceptual framework highlighting the central role of institutions in mediating environment and society relationships. Grounded in an extended form of entitlements analysis, the framework of the study explored how differently positioned social actors (men and women) command environmental goods and services that are instrumental to their livelihoods.

Keywords: gender, environmental entitlements, sustainable livelihoods


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2591-6831
print ISSN: 0856-9622