Distribution of Adaptation Climate Finance in Africa Region
This study aimed at examining the distribution of adaptation climate finance flowing into the Africa region in order to understand the extent to which vulnerable countries and sectors are targeted. Developing countries receive adaptation climate finance in support of resilience to climate change and variability impacts. The anthropogenic drivers of climate change and variability are from all parts of the world with higher contribution from industrialized countries and less from poor countries - though the impacts are more intense within developing countries. Data were obtained from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Cluster analysis, principal component analysis, and correlation analysis were used to understand the distribution of climate finance for adaptation by country and by sector. Adaptation climate finance flows in large amounts to the least developed countries most vulnerable to the impact of climate change and variability. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries; education; general environment protection; industry, minerals and construction; and transport and communication are the leading sectors in receiving adaptation climate finance. The findings reveal that social sectors are positively correlated with vulnerability while sectors related to infrastructure are negatively related with regard to vulnerability index. Optimal distribution of climate finance globally is expected to lead to the attainment of climate change solutions and sustainable development among countries and among sectors of the economy.