Main Article Content
Wildlife captive facilities (WCFs) are accommodations for ex-situ conservation of wild animals, they include wildlife ranches, farms, breeding facilities, orphanage centers, sanctuaries and zoos. Tanzania harbours a number of these facilities, however, information on exact number, types, functioning status, size, composition and health is limited. This study employed key informant interviews, participatory observations and counts to generate information on the status of WCFs in Tanzania. Descriptive statistics and Gross Profit Margin were used to analyze data on WCF status and cost-benefit analysis respectively. Results showed that Tanzania has 28 active and 42 dormant WCFs. Most of WCFs were established mainly for business and community services. About 182 species from 33 families and 14 orders are housed in these facilities, attracting both local and foreign visitors. The visiting fees are the main source of income in WCFs. Generally, the active WCF meet the purpose of their establishment by having satisfactory species richness, diversity and abundance and good health. However, there is need to improve the overall standard. Reliance on fees make most WFC run under significant loss, especially zoos. Thus, this study recommends provision of education for both communities and investors, establishment of Private-Public Partnership investment mode and WCF consultancy.