Prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy at Greytown, South Africa
AbstractContext: Anaemia in pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality mainly in developing countries. It is a preventable medical condition through public health interventions which are potentially feasible and cost-effective. In order to strengthen planning and management, the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy at a district hospital was ascertained.
Objectives: To describe antenatal booking visits, haemoglobin levels and to estimate the prevalence of Anaemia in pregnancy based on the criteria set by South Africa (National) and World Health organization and to identify the risk factors.
Study-Design, Setting and Subjects: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using antenatal clinic register of a rural district (Greytown) Hospital of KwaZulu-Natal Province during January to December 2003. A total of 711 pregnant women from 1486 booking visits were recruited.
Main Outcome Measures: Percentage of attendees had low haemoglobin, effects on haemoglobin concentration of age and gestational age (trimester).
Results: Based on the South African (Haemoglobin <10gm/dL) and WHO (Haemoglobin <11 gm/dL) criteria of Anaemia, 15.7% and 39.9% attendees respectively were anaemic. Booking visits for the pregnancies were 14.2% during first, 70.7% during second and 15.1% during third trimesters respectively.
Conclusion: The prevalence of Anaemia in pregnancy is high and evidence of late booking for antenatal care in Greytown comparable with other findings in Africa. There is an urgent need for Health Education and promotion of this population for early bookings for antenatal care and management of anemia.
Tropical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Vol. 23(1) 2006: 3-7
The entire contents of the Tropical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology are protected under Indian and international copyrights. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use.
This journal content is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.