Predictors of soil-transmitted helminthic infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the Federal Medical Center, Abeokuta, Nigeria

  • Mobolaji M. Salawu
  • Adedamola H. Salawu
  • Taofeek A. Ogunfunmilayo
  • Victor U. Nwadike
  • Adesoji S. Adebayo
Keywords: Antenatal clinic; helminthic infection; pregnancy.

Abstract

Introduction: Soil‑transmitted helminth infection is a major contributor to anemia which is associated with morbidity and mortality during  pregnancy in endemic regions like Nigeria. This study assessed the predictors of helminthic infections among pregnant women attending Antenatal clinics in the Federal Medical Center (FMC), Abeokuta, Ogun State.

Methodology: A cross‑sectional study was conducted among pregnant women attending the Antenatal (ANC) of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, FMC, Abeokuta. Systematic random sampling was used for selecting study participants and semi‑structured self‑administered questionnaire was employed for data collection. Stool samples were collected from the participants and formol‑ether concentration technique was used for stool examination. Besides, eggs of helminths were identified and quantified. Data were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 22. Associations were tested using the Chi‑square test. Predictors of helminths infection were determined using the logistic
regression analysis. Level of significance was set at 5%.

Result: One hundred and seventy-four (174) women participated in the study. The mean age (SD) of the pregnant women was 30.44 (4.87) years.  The majority (81.6%) had a tertiary level of education. The prevalence of intestinal helminth infection among the respondents was 21.8%. Ascaris lumbricoides (9.2%) was the most prevalent helminth, followed by hookworm infestation (7.5%) and Trichuris trichuria infestation (3.4%). The predictors for helminthic infestation among the respondents were aged 30 years and below (1.000; 0.23–1.20), pregnant women who had primary education and below (1.74; 0.72–3.06), and use of pit latrine and bush as waste disposal method (2.31; 0.86–6.21. Respondents who practiced handwash were less likely to have a helminthic infection (0.98; 0.11–9.08).

Conclusion: Ascaris lumbricoides is the most commonly found helminth among the study population. Low education and poor hygiene were  significant risk factors for helminthic infection among pregnant women.

Key words: Antenatal clinic; helminthic infection; pregnancy.

Published
2020-09-01
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0189-5117