Pharmacokinetic Study of a Capsule-based Chronomodulated Drug Delivery System of Salbutamol Sulphate in Rabbits

  • M J Qureshi
  • J Ali
  • S Baboota
  • A Ahuja
  • C Mallikarjun
Keywords: pH-controlled release, Lag time, Pulsatile release, Hydrocolloid plug, Nocturnal asthma.


Purpose: To develop and determine the in vivo performance of a  capsule-based pulsatile drug delivery system containing salbutamol sulphate

Methods: A controlled pulsatile release of drug after a  programmed 4 h lag period was achieved from cross-linked gelatin capsule shells containing salbutamol pellets, and sealed with a suitable mixture of sodium alginate and ethyl cellulose as plug. In order to confirm the utility of developed system for the management of nocturnal asthma, a crossover study was conducted. six male rabbits were fasted overnight and divided into two groups comprised of 3 rabbits each. The individual rabbits were administered the developed pulsatile capsule and immediate release salbutamol capsule as reference,seeparately. Blood samples were collected from the ear vein of the animals into heparinized tubes and used to determine pharmacokinetic parameters, namely, maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), time to reach maximum plasma concentration (Tmax), and area under the plasma concentration - time curve (AUC0-‡) using a validated HPLC method.

Results: It was observed that drug release from the optimized  time-controlled capsule stopped for a period of approximately 4.25 h with an average Cmax and Tmax of 271.54 } 58.95 ng/ml and 6.00 } 0.25
h. The AUC0-‡ of salbutamol after administration of the time-controlled pulsatile system was 2494.73 } 525.95 ng h/ml while that of the  immediate-release formulation was 2352.77 } 432.51 ng h/ml. Using
ANOVA at a significant difference of p < 0.05 (CI 95%), there was no significant difference for the AUC0-‡ between immediate release and the pulsatile capsule developed.

Conclusion: The developed system is capable of releasing salbutamol after a 4 h lag period and can be considered as promising delivery system for time-controlled (pulsatile) delivery of the medication for the management of nocturnal asthma.

Keywords: pH-controlled release, Lag time, Pulsatile release, Hydrocolloid plug, Nocturnal asthma.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1596-9827
print ISSN: 1596-5996