Evaluation of the Suspending Properties of the Coprecipitate of Irvingia gabonesis Gum and Gelatin
Purpose: To evaluate the suspending properties of the co-precipitate from Irvingia gabonensis gum variety Excelsa (Fam: Irvingiaceae) and gelatin.
Methods: The gum from Irvingia gabonensis was extracted and co-precipitated with gelatin in gum/gelatin ratios of 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:0 and 0:1. The suspending ability of the different ratios was evaluated in magnesium trisilicate suspension, and compared with a suspension prepared with Compound Tragacanth Powder BP (CTP) as well as a commercially available magnesium trisilicate suspension (MTS). The parameters tested were sedimentation rate, flow rate, viscosity, and pH. The effect of mono- and divalent electrolytes on the sedimentation rate of the suspensions was also studied.
Results: In terms of suspending ability, co-precipitated gum-gelatin ratio of 1:2 was comparable to CTP while gum-gelatin ratio 1:3 was a superior suspending agent than CTP with regard to the parameters determined. At 2 % w/v concentration, the suspending ability of the suspending agents were in the rank order: 1:4 > 1:3 > 1:2 > CTP > 1:1 > 1:0 > MTS > 0:1. The 1:3 ratio suspensions also exhibited good stability following addition of mono- and divalent electrolytes although there was significant (p > 0.05) reduction in sedimentation volume.
Conclusion: It can be inferred from the results of this investigation that the suspension prepared with the co-precipitate of Irvingia gabonensis gum and gelatin as a suspending agent appears to be superior to those prepared with the gum or gelatin alone as well as MTS.
Keywords: Irvingia gabonensis, Gum, Gelatin, Co-precipitate, Suspending agent, Stability, Magnesium trisilicate, Electrolytes
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.