Evaluation of Adherence to Diabetic Treatment in Northern Region of United Arab Emirates
Purpose: To determine medication adherence and predictors of suboptimal adherence in patients with diabetes type 2, and to address the factors that are associated with treatment non-adherence in Northern Region of United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 200 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients randomly selected from outpatient clinics in Northern Region, UAE. Special questionnaire form have been prepared to assess the level of adherence then filled in through direct interviewing with the patients. The adherence level score was calculated based on total summation of items related to good adherence and accordingly participants’ scores of 90 % or more were considered adherent and who achieved less than 90 % were non-adherent.
Results: Only 120 (60 %) of the patients were adherent. Factors that are associated with nonadherence were :age ≥ 50 (OR = 1.8, 95 % CI= 1.02 - 3.19), lower education level (OR = 0.17, 95 % CI = 0.09 - 0.31), lack of health insurance (OR = 21, 95 % CI = 9.62 - 45.85), forgetfulness (OR= 0.29, CI = 0.13 - 0.61), co-morbidities (OR = 0.24, 95 % CI = 0.11 - 0.51), > 6.5 % HbA1C (OR = 7.22,95 % CI = 3.69 - 14.14); longer time since last visit to clinic (OR = 14, 95 % CI = 6.52 - 30.04); increased medication cost (OR = 30, 95 % CI = 11.2 - 80.1); and unawareness (lack of awareness) of physician instructions (OR = 7.22, 95 % CI = 3.7 - 14.1).
Conclusion: Adherence to diabetes treatment was quite poor among participants. Glycemic control could be improved through early identification and incentives for adherence behaviors which can be supported using a counseling approach of communication with the patients by healthcare professionals before applying any individual patient management plan.
Keywords: Medication adherence, Type 2 diabetes, Antidiabetic, Predictors, United Arab Emirates
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.