Preparation, Characterization and In vitro Evaluation of Theophylline Nanoparticles Prepared with Dextran- Conjugated Soy Protein
AbstractPurpose: To design and characterize theophylline nanoparticles synthesized with dextran-conjugated soy protein isolate (SPI), and evaluate their encapsulation capacity and release profile in simulated gastrointestinal media.
Methods: SPI-based nanoparticles were prepared with soy protein-dextran conjugates obtained by titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysis using a simple ionic gelation method. Formation of the conjugates was monitored spectrophotometrically for free amino group content (A340nm) and by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The particles were characterized by for particle size and morphology, zeta potential, and in vitro release.
Results: Successful glycoconjugation was evidenced by changes in ultraviolet (UV) absorption (A294), browning, free amino group and FT-IR spectra. The particle size and zeta potential of SPI-dextran nanoparticles tended to increase and decrease, respectively, with increasing SPI/dextran mass ratio. Maximum encapsulation and loading efficiencies were around 91.6 and 3.08 %, respectively, which were significantly higher than for SPI nanoparticles. Successful encapsulation of theophylline in the polymeric matrix was confirmed by FT-IR spectra. In addition, SPI-dextran nanoparticles reduced release (p < 0.05) of theophylline in simulated gastric fluid but and enhanced release (p < 0.05) under simulated intestinal condition.
Conclusion: These results suggest that SPI-dextran nanoparticle formulation is an attractive approach to achieve encapsulation and controlled release of bioactive substances.
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.