Effect of recombinant human erythropoietin expressions of apoptosis genes in rats following traumatic brain injury
Purpose: To explore the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) on apoptosis in rats after traumatic brain injury.
Methods: A total of 48 traumatic brain-injured Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were obtained by improved Feeney’s traumatic brain injury model, and were randomly divided into four groups: normal salinetreated rats (control) and rats treated with r-HuEPO at doses of 1000 U/kg, 3000 U/kg and 5000 U/kg. Brain tissues were collected on the 7th day after trauma surgery. Apoptotic cells, and NF-kappa B (NFĸB)-, c-myc-, and Fas/Fasl-positive cells were identified in brain tissues by immunohistochemical assay.
Results: After treatment with r-HuEPO (3000 and 5000 U/kg), expression of NF-κB and Fas/Fasl were significantly decreased (p < 0.05) compared to control rats, especially at the 5000 U/kg dose (p < 0.01). However, for c-myc, no significant difference was observed between r-HuEPO treatment and control groups (p > 0.05). Compared to the 1000 U/kg r-HuEPO group, Fas/Fasl expression levels were significantly lower in the 3000 and 5000 U/kg r-HuEPO groups (p < 0.05). Additionally, expression of NF-κB and Fasl in the 5000 U/kg r-HuEPO group was significantly lower than that in the 3000 U/kg r- HuEPO group (p < 0.05). Moreover, the number of apoptotic cells in the r-HuEPO group (5000 U/kg) was significantly lower than in the control group (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Thus, r-HuEPO may be beneficial for treating traumatic brain injury via inhibition of NFkappa B and Fas/Fasl expressions.
Keywords: Recombinant human erythropoietin, NF-kappa B, Traumatic brain injury, Apoptosis, Neuronal damage, Fas/Fasl expression
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